File Name Clarke1789_2
Call Number DA 670 L1 C6 1789
Title A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire: Together with an Account, Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive, of the Adjacent Country. To Which Is Added, a Sketch of the Border Laws and Customs. By James Clarke, Land-Surveyor. The Second Edition.
Short Title A Survey
Series Title
Title Page Quotation "In longum tamen diem / Manserent, hodieque manent vestigia ruris." Horace Ep. I. Lib. ii.
Dedication To His Royal Highness Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland and Strathern, Earl of Dublin, Ranger of Windsor Great Park, Admiral of the Blue Squadron, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Grand Master, &c. &c. &c. The Right Honourable Thomas Howard, Earl of Effingham, Lord Howard, Acting Grand Master; Sir Peter Parker Baronet, Deputy Grand Master; The Grand Wardens, Past and Present Grand Officers of the Grand Lodge of England, and Brethren of the Most Ancient and Honourable Society of Free and Accepted Masons: this book is humbly dedicated, by their most obedient brother and serv[missing], James Cla[missing].
Imprint London: Printed for the Author. 1789.
Edition 2
Publication Date 1789
Volumes 1
Pages 236
Copies 1
SFU Catalogue Original Bibliography xlii, 193, [1] p. : diagr., fold. maps; 26 x 40 cm. Rebound in full linen bookcloth over acid-free boards.
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Bibliographic Notes Our copy: the title on the spine reads "Clarke's Survey of the Lakes"; inside written in ink is "R. Walmesley's Book"; the title page and dedication page have also been repaired and there is "639" in pencil on it above the word "Westmorland". On the page opposite to the dedication (to it's left), there are two pieces of paper that look to be cut and pasted onto the page (otherwise blank). One says "Inter Accipitrem & Beuteonem, / Juxta phrasem percommunem, / Spectans ista Typis data, / Haee comperui Errata; / Quae si corrigas (candide Lector) / Plena coronet Pocul Nectar. / Avertice ad caliem, / Erratis admove falcem." The other says "Errando. disco. Bar. Imp. 1774." There is a card pasted at back detailing the conservation treatment undertaken in 1988, which has included repairs to the paper, the deacidification of the entire book, new endpapers, and rebinding.
Critical Annotation

James Clarke was a land surveyor who lived in Penrith where he owned two inns. He collected information for the Survey during trips to the lakes in 1784 and 1786–7 (Bicknell 45). His Survey of the Lakes guides visitors to views that best reflect the “taste of the times” (xxxv). Included maps detail routes from Penrith to Ullswater and Keswick, from Keswick to Ambleside, and around the lakes of Ullswater, Derwentwater, Bassenthwaite, Thirlmere, Rydal, and Windermere. Clarke’s descriptions borrow heavily from existing Lake District guides, touching on a wide range of topics, including war, art, religion, landscape, and even weather patterns. Clarke’s interest in language is also clear: in the introduction, he develops a theory on the fluidity of language, and elsewhere in the work he includes transcriptions of legends, ballads, poems, and dialect samples. In the introduction, he expresses the hope that his work will provide a foundation for future research (xlii).

Bicknell calls Clarke’s text a “refreshing counterblast to picturesque writing” and notes that Clarke was quick to criticize contemporaries, even as he borrowed from them (9). Not everyone appreciated this “counterblast,” though; mapmaker Peter Crosthwaite “extensively annotated” his copy “with bitterly critical allegations of lies, inventions, distortions and inaccuracies” (Bicknell 46). Nonetheless, the Survey was influential: a footnote to William Wordsworth’s poem “An Evening Walk” refers to the description of an apparition in the Survey. The connection between Clarke and Wordsworth is made even stronger by Clarke’s own use of the term “evening walk” in a Survey section referencing Dr. Brown and Thomas Gray (72).

The SFU LDC copy has the same irregular pagination as the first edition. Although the title page has been reset to reflect the new date and edition, and the maps have been interspersed throughout the text rather than gathered at the back, this is likely a reprint rather than a true second edition. There are pencil and ink markings on some pages, including a signature. Clippings are pasted in opposite the dedication page. A card pasted into the back of the book describes this copy’s conservation treatment in 1988, which included deacidification and rebinding.

Format Folio
Plate Count 2
Map Count 10
Tables No
Binding Colour beige
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