Last Name Rawnsley
First Name Hardwicke Drummond
Other Last Name
Other First Name
Birth Date 1851
Death Date 1920
Gender m
Biographical Notes Rawnsley's mother, Catherine Ann, was the neice of the Arctic explorer, Sir John Franklin. Rawnsley himself was an avid traveler, but his poltiical interests were close to home. Under the tutelage of John Ruskin, he joined the “Hinksey roadmenders.” He was the head of a number of conservationist campaigns, successfully preventing the construction of railways from the quarries above Buttermere in 1883, and founding the Lake District Defense Society in the same year. He and his wife (Edith Fletcher) founded the Keswick School of Industrial Arts in 1884, and later, the Keswick Highschool, where he implemented a curriculum which included music, dance, carpentry, drawing, gymnastics and gardening. In later years, Rawnsley spoke out against pornography and violence in cinema. In 1893, Rawnsley, Sir Robert Hunter and Octavia Hill, met to form the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, under the auspices of which Rawnsley oversaw the acquisition of a large quantity of land in the Lake District.
Biographical Annotation Hardwicke Drummond Rawnsley was a Church of England Clergyman and conservationist. His mother, Catherine Ann, was the daughter of Sir William Franklin and the niece of the arctic explorer Sir John Franklin. Rawnsley was the head of a number of conservationist campaigns, successfully preventing the construction of railways from the quarries above Buttermere in 1883, and founding the Lake District Defense Society in the same year. He and his wife, Edith Fletcher, founded the Keswick School of Industrial Arts in 1884, and later, the Keswick Highschool, where he implemented an experimental curriculum that included music, dance, carpentry, drawing, gymnastics and gardening. In 1893, Rawnsley helped to form the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, and oversaw the acquisition of a large quantity of land in the Lake District. An avid traveler, he visited Russia, the United States, Jerusalem, Egypt, and the Alps, but spent his later years in Grasmere. [info from ODNB]
Nationality English
Person URI http://viaf.org/viaf/70461710/
Resident In the Lake District Yes
Resident In London No
Resident Outside UK No
Travel Outside UK Yes
Birthplace Shiplake
Deathplace Grasmere
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